沈阳市
General situation of Liaoning

  Located in the south of northeast China, Liaoning lies to the north of Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea, and faces Japan and the Republic of Korea across the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea respectively. With the only marine outfall in northeast China, it is also an important channel for the regions of the northeast part of China and east part of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It has a sea area on continental shelves of 148,000 km2, including 68,000 km2 of the offshore waters and 2,292 km of the coastline. 110 kinds of mineral resources have been discovered, and the amount of reserves of several mineral resources such as iron ore, magnesite and boron is ranked the first in China. The topographic features of Liaoning can be summarized as 60% of mountains, 10% of waters and 30% of plains. The northern part is comparatively higher than the southern part, and the mountains are located in the eastern and western part of Liaoning with the Liaohe Plain in the middle. Liaoning enjoys a temperate continental climate with distinctive seasonal demarcations, suitable for crops to grow and flourish, which makes it a key production zone of cereals, animal husbandry, fishery, fruits and other kinds of food provisions for China. Liaoning has 14 prefectural-level cities and 100 counties or districts, with the total population of 42.71 million.

  Liaoning as a famous old industrial base in China, has 39 categories, 197 classes and over 500 types of industries, turning it into one of the country's most complete industrial provinces. Equipment manufacturing and raw material industry are well-developed here, and meanwhile the metallurgical industry, power transmission, the petrochemical industry, and metal tool machining industry have always been the national pillar industries, while the electronic information industry and automobile industry have become emerging pillar industries of the province.

  Liaoning is one of the earliest provinces to carry out the policy of opening to the outside world. At present, the total number of enterprises successively approved to be undertaken in Liaoning has reaches 35,000, and the foreign capital actually utilized gets to 43.7 billion dollars. Liaoning also maintains trade ties with 217 countries and regions, and more than 110 enterprises in World Top 500 have invested here.

  Liaoning with unique geographical conditions and convenient transportation, becomes a well-developed zone in the field of national infrastructure such as trasportation and electric power. Meanwhile, it is also a vital communication line connecting Northeastern China with North China and other areas in the country. Furthermore, it is the key area that connects the Eurasia Land Bridge. Liaonings railway network density is amog the highest in China, with operating railways of 4,891 km. Whats more, Liaoning has an expressway network of 4,172 km which offers the 14 cities easy access to expressways from one to the other. Dalian seaport is the best non-frozen deep water port in the northeastern part of China, with all coastal cities like Yingkou, Dandong, Jinzhou and Huludao constituting the largest and the most convenient seaport cluster in North China, which has 124 ten thousand-ton deep-water berths and 23 container berths. The cluster has an annual cargo throughput of 1.03675 billion tons and a container throughput of 18.6 million tons. At the same time, Liaoning has 4 airports like Shenyang Taoxian Airport and Dalian Zhoushuizi Airport, with 204 airlines of both domestic and international ones.

  Liaoning has a good potential and solid foundation in the development of technology, education, culture and sports activities. There are also 53 academicians from Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Acadeny of Engineering, and over 1.5 million professional personel in different fields, both of which rank top in China. Fundamental education in rural and urban areas has experienced a period of coordinated development with an average educational period of 10.95 years. There are 78 universities and colleges in Liaoning with 1.092 million students altogether, and the gross ratio of registration in higher education reaches 35%. Liaoning is also famous for its opera, ballet, Peking Opera, acrobatics and arts. In terms of sports, Liaonings football, track and field, judo, weight lifting, bicycling, and rowing boat are all ranked top in the national and international competitions. Therfore, there have been 19 Olympic champions and 265 world champions emerged in Liaoning,

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